Eridge Rocks, East Sussex (VC 14)

Meeting report of the South East group of the British Bryological Society, 30 November 2014

Only a few miles from the centre of Tunbridge Wells, Eridge Rocks is an extraordinarily special site, just tucked inside East Sussex and managed by Sussex Wildlife Trust. Within the 40 hectare woodland a line of sandstone cliffs, some 10m high, runs towards the Broadwater Warren RSPB reserve, and is home to a famous collection of bryophytes, especially hepatics, most very unusual in the south east.

Examining Bazzania trilobata

Examining Bazzania trilobata

Given the range and number of unfamiliar plants we were due to see, Tom Ottley led us on a fascinating and initially rather brisk excursion, which included some clambering up and around the cliffs from the moment we left the car park.

Picture of Barbilophozia attenuata

Barbilophozia attenuata

Picture of Odontoschisma denudatum

Odontoschisma denudatum

The first stop immediately illustrated the richness of the site as Tom pointed out the day’s first patch of Dicranum scottianum, with much attendant Barbilophozia attenuata and Odontoschisma denudatum. Some metres further on, the rocks were coated in the alien Orthodontium lineare, though in a slightly more sheltered spot nearby a small number of Orthodontium gracile can still be seen, mercifully still surviving here since William Wilson first found it at Eridge in the 1840s.

Picture of Dicranum scottianum

Dicranum scottianum

Picture of Orthodontium lineare

Orthodontium lineare

Barely had we left that rarity than we saw another of the site’s specialities, Calypogeia integristipula, and a further colony of Dicranum scottianum complete with capsules, which Tom was also pleased to find, as this species was looking precarious here a couple of years ago. Other, more familiar, inhabitants of the sandrock were present too, and included the pioneer Tetraphis pellucida, and Lepidozia reptans, plus Cephalozia bicuspidata and C. connivens. Alongside these, we had the opportunity to compare Cephalozia lunulifolia and C. catenulata. Further along the cliffs Howard Wallis and Tom drew our attention to the finer points of Kurzia sylvatica, Lophozia ventricosa and Harpanthus scutatus.

Picture of Lophozia ventricosa

Lophozia ventricosa

Eridge isn’t just known for its bryophytes, and David Streeter paused to show us Hymenophyllum tunbrigense (Tunbridge filmy fern), as well as the lichens Cladonia incrassata and Bunodophoron melanocarpum, the latter particularly noteworthy in the south east.

A jogger stopped to find out what everyone was looking at, and we hope she may remember the splendid wall of Bazzania trilobata. Nearby was also found Campylopus fragilis with its pale leaf bases and broken leaves, and Syntrichia latifolia.

Picture of Campylopus fragilis

Campylopus fragilis

Towards the end of the outcrop we finally uncovered Scapania gracilis, and a greater number of colonies of Scapania umbrosa than have previously been known at the site. Tom noted that these are of particular interest since the species seems to have declined in the Ardingly area and Eridge is now a very important site for it in the south east. One of the last records for the day was Nowellia curvifolia, growing unusually on the sandrock.

Picture of Scapania umbrosa

Scapania umbrosa

In general, Tom observed that the rocks are looking their best since he first visited them 30 years ago. There is little doubt that the wetter weather we have experienced over the past few years is very beneficial to the sandrock bryophytes.

Eridge Rocks

A great group of botanists

Eridge Rocks

A close look at Scapania nemorea

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